Wednesday, February 11, 2009
These colorful cylinders contain natural gas fuels that are known to many as butane or propane. In Indonesia, these gas fuels are generically called Elpiji (the pronunciation of the English abbreviation of LPG or Liquefied Petroleum Gas).
The LPG sold in these cans is categorized as mixed Liquefied Natural Gas (it contains butane, propane, and other hydrocarbon gases in smaller proportions). Butane and propane are sold in cans that are specifically labeled as such.
According to the figures published by the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Indonesia produced nearly 10,000 million metric standard cubic feet (MMSCF) of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) per day in 2008, with a significant increase is expected this year. About half of this production was for export and half for the domestic consumption.
Indonesia has nearly 100 trillion cubic feet of proven natural gas reserves or about 1.5 percent of the world's gas reserves.